We open a hostel
The hostel is an option for accommodating guests, in which they are given a bed, located in the room for any period of time. The rooms are designed for several people at a time, while additional services are not provided. Here we will consider the question of how to open a hostel in an apartment in Moscow and any other city, where it is relevant, how much it costs to open and what you need to do this.
An undoubted advantage of this type of service is its cheapness, which is why young people are quite actively using hostels. Due to the development of the tourism business, the number of tourists wishing to visit Russia is growing every year. A significant part of such potential tourists falls on students and people under 30 years old.
The hostel is a very convenient option for staying during a trip, because the goal of every tourist is to be able to visit as many attractions of the city as they come to, and not to sit in a hotel room all his time. Some may be confused by the lack of toilet and shower rooms directly in the room – in hostels they are located on floors and are common areas. One toilet and one shower room is designed for 12 users.
At the same time, cleaning is done every day exclusively with the use of disinfectants, so the question of the sanitary condition of the toilet and shower disappears by itself. The presence or absence of hot and cold water is not even discussed, it should be the point. Some hostels provide such types of services as safe rental, free WI-FI, one-time meals (breakfast), there are also small restrictions – sometimes smoking is not allowed in hostels, you can also meet a ban on staying in the same room for men and women. You can also meet a similar kind of restriction – if a potential client does not have an international student card, then he may be denied an overnight stay. This condition is put forward by hostels, which are part of universities. This is understandable: initially, when the idea of such hostels appeared, they were created for the convenience of students.
Competition with hotels
The hostel itself is not a direct competitor to hotels. The cheapness of a bed, the lack of such a service as having a shower, toilet, TV in the room and the presence of several other strangers in the room, immediately cuts off some tourists who want to get the maximum service and have enough money to pay for it. Prices for an overnight stay in a hostel in different countries of the world are very different from each other. This can be either 3 euros per night or 25 euros.
How to open a hostel, how much it costs and what you need
Those wishing to engage in such a business should have patience and a sufficient amount of money. Coordination of pre-project, design, technical documentation, as well as directly the construction of the building in which the proposed hostel will be located, will require about $ 1 million. To this it is worth adding emotional and time costs when collecting various kinds of signatures, acts and conclusions, this can take from a year or more. An option in which it will be easier to realize the idea of creating a hostel is the re-equipment of an existing apartment and premises. If you plan to open a hostel with 10 or more places, then it is better to find an apartment that used to be a hostel or communal apartment. However, there are drawbacks here as well, and the main one is the amount of the rent, and the need to participate in the tender (if the hostel belongs to the state at the federal or municipal level) should be added to this. You also need to pay attention to payback – on average, a hotel pays off in six years, not earlier. The higher the status of the hotel, the later it will pay off.
A very convenient option is a hostel in an apartment, especially for Moscow. If you have a three-room apartment, you can get a hostel with 9 beds at the exit.
The bedroom should be at least 5 square meters per person, the beds can be bunk beds, it is advisable to place a computer connected to the Internet in the room. It is necessary to install a water heater, which will help in the event of a disconnection of hot water, the toilet and shower rooms of the apartment for the hostel should be equipped with one toilet, shower and two washbasins. Since bedding has a high degree of wear, and hygiene products will have to be bought often enough, it will be more convenient to take this point into account when setting the price.
The bedroom should be at least 5 square meters per person, the beds can be bunk beds, it is advisable to place a computer connected to the Internet in the room. It is necessary to install a water heater, which will help in the event of a disconnection of hot water, the toilet and shower rooms of the apartment for the hostel should be equipped with one toilet, shower and two washbasins.